MacIntosh, Charles

(1766-1843)
   Charles Macintosh was born in Glasgow, Scotland. His father had a successful dyeing business, which is where Macintosh first became interested in science. In 1797, he opened a chemical factory and invented a series of processes and products (for example, a conversion process that used carbon gases to turn iron to steel; a hot blast process; and an easy-to-carry bleaching powder). While amassing a considerable fortune as a result of these inventions, he also found a use for one of the waste products from one of his inventions, naptha, a rubber solvent. He used it to bond two pieces of cloth together and thus created the first waterproof textile, which he patented in 1823 and named "India rubber cloth." By 1836, a coat known as a "macintosh" or "mac" was being produced. The original coat, designed for women, was single-breasted and loose-fitting and had a detachable cape, and waterproof seams. The coating process could be applied to the inside, the outside, or between two layers of cloth. Macintosh's process was the precursor to the invention of vinyl (1926) and other plasticizers that would eventually dominate not only the rainwear business but other areas such as sportswear, footwear, and handbags, as well as the home furnishings industry. In 1823, Macintosh was elected a fellow of the Royal Society, a prestigious group of Scotland's best scientists and entrepreneurs.
   See also Semon, Waldo L.

Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry. .

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  • Macintosh, Charles — SUBJECT AREA: Chemical technology, Textiles [br] b. 29 December 1766 Glasgow, Scotland d. 25 July 1843 Dunchattan, near Glasgow, Scotland [br] Scottish inventor of rubberized waterproof clothing. [br] As the son of the well known and inventive… …   Biographical history of technology

  • Macintosh, Charles — ▪ Scottish chemist born Dec. 29, 1766, Glasgow died July 25, 1843, near Glasgow       Scottish chemist, best known for his invention in 1823 of a method for making waterproof garments by using rubber dissolved in coal tar naphtha for cementing… …   Universalium

  • Charles Macintosh — Charles Macintosh. Charles Macintosh (29 de diciembre de 1766–25 de julio de 1843) fue un químico escocés e inventor de la prenda de vestir resistente al agua (waterproof) (impermeable). El abrigo impermeable Mackintosh se nombró así en su honor …   Wikipedia Español

  • MacIntosh — Macintosh, Mackintosh, McIntosh, MacKintosh bezeichnet: Apple Macintosh, eine Computerbaureihe Mackintosh (Regenmantel), ein Regenmantel McIntosh (Apfel), eine Apfelsorte McIntosh Laboratory, ein Hi Fi Hersteller Rowntree Mackintosh, britischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Rennie Mackintosh — Charles Mackintosh redirects here. For the chemist and inventor, see Charles Macintosh. Charles Rennie Mackintosh Charles Rennie Mackintosh (7 June 1868 – 10 December 1928) was a Scottish architect, designer, watercolourist and artist. He was a… …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Macintosh — Charles Macintosh. Charles Macintosh (* 29. Dezember 1766 in Glasgow; † 25. Juli 1843 ) war ein schottischer Chemiker und der Erfinder des nach ihm benannten wasserdichten Regenmantels Mackintosh. Macintosh gelang in seiner chemischen Fabrik zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Charles Macintosh — [Charles Macintosh] (1766–1823) a Scottish ↑inventor who developed a material made of rubber to keep out water. A ‘mackintosh’ or ‘mac’ is now a word for any coat made of a similar material for keeping off rain …   Useful english dictionary

  • Charles Macintosh — For those of a similar name, see Charles Mackintosh (disambiguation). Charles Macintosh Charles Macintosh Born 29 December 1766 Glasgow Died 25 July 1843 …   Wikipedia

  • Charles Macintosh — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mackintosh. Charles Macintosh. Charles Macintosh, né à Glasgow le 29 décembre 1766 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Macintosh (Begriffsklärung) — Macintosh, Mackintosh, McIntosh oder MacKintosh bezeichnet: Apple Macintosh, eine Computerbaureihe Mackintosh (Regenmantel), einen Regenmantel McIntosh (Apfel), eine Apfelsorte McIntosh Laboratory, einen Hi Fi Hersteller Rowntree Mackintosh,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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